The Center for the Analysis of Reforms in Justice, Society and Politics (CARJSP) from Iasi, Romania, in collaboration with the
Centre d'étude de la vie politique (CEVIPOL) of Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, are organising an international conference entitled
Judicial Reforms and their implications in Central and Eastern
After the fall of communist regimes, and in the context of the accession to the European Union, the former communist countries have initiated an ample process of judicial reform. The independence of the judiciary and the improvement of the functioning of legal institutions are indispensable to the establishment and the development of an European area of freedom, security and justice. The good functioning of the judiciary depends on the fairness, integrity and level of competence shown in the act of justice, as well as on appropriate financial resources and professional training.
The European Commission continues to assess and monitor the implementation of these reforms in Romania and Bulgaria . The independence of the judiciary, responsibility, fairness and professionalism of judicial power are the main standards which guide the actions of the European Union. For instance, on January 17, 2012, the European Commission launched an infringement procedure against Hungary ; it referred to a series of measures adopted by the government led by Viktor Orban, concerning the retirement age of judges and the independence of the judiciary.
The judicial reforms carried out in EU Member States are an important topic for politicians as well as for citizens and the academic community. Being, for decades, a privileged object of study for law specialists, lately, these reforms have become areas of transnational and multidisciplinary research. Political scientists, law specialists, sociologists of law, experts on European studies and legal anthropologists, have all examined the recent transformations of legal institutions and their effects on the national and the European level. The new political and social realities, the changes occurring in European democracies, the new relationships of power, as well as the new functional strategies, require for the redefinition of long term institutional frameworks. Judicial reforms have become the new fields in which democratic values and principles can be deployed.
The organisers of this international conference aim to bring together specialists of this field of inquiry and to launch an ample debate with magistrates, political decision-makers and law professionals concerning the objectives and the impact of the reforms recently implemented in the new Member States of the EU and the current candidate countries. The main questions addressed by the organisers are the following :
What are the current outcomes of judicial reforms in the region?
What are the difficulties and obstacles encountered when these reforms are implemented?
How and in what respects are the initiators of these reforms inspired by the reforms which are underway in other European countries?
What is the situation of the legal reforms started in Romania compared to other countries of this region?
The independence, responsibility, fairness, and professionalism of the judicial power – the standards which has guided the actions of the European Union in this field – are the main topics of this conference.